Colombian food culture is rich and diverse as the different geographic and cultural regions of the country have strongly maintained their culinary identity. Many dishes in Colombia have Spanish influences but it always reflects the people’s great love for their land, 其收成和它周围水域.
Colombia is bathed by both the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, 由亚马逊倾斜和安第斯山脉穿越. 这相当于成分玩过多. Cooking traditions are also influenced by the availability of food resources which is why every Colombian has a distinct taste when it comes to their preferred native foods.
当然, 哥伦比亚厨师永远不会失败到另一个元素添加到自己的美食: 冒险. If you’re planning on visiting Colombia, get ready, because you’re going to eat incredibly well. Let’s start off by discussing each region and its most typical dishes.
Colombian Food Regions
The Amazon is all about being wild. When I was little and my parents took me there, we ate snake. Boas are highly valued in the cuisine of the Amazon. You will eat what you can get your hands on there, including turtle which is prepared in what seems like a million ways.
- Turtle skewers
- Piracuru balls
If you have been to Medellin, you have been to Antioquia. If you haven’t been there, you should. The area is fantastic and is one of the safest in Colombia. Antioquia also lays claim to Colombia’s national dish, the Bandeja Paisa. Antioquia produces some of the best coffee (if not the best) in the world, and here no meal will be complete without rice and frijoles.
- Canon de Cerdo
- Sancocho Paisa
- Chorizo Rice
- Ropa Vieja
The Atlantic Coast has tons of African and Middle Eastern influences. When you think of the Atlantic (卡塔赫纳, Barranquilla, La Guajira, and Santa Marta), think of coconut, snapper, armadillo, iguana, and lobster. Food here is fantastic and some of my favorite in Colombia.
- Stuffed melons
- Stuffed red snapper
- Shrimp Rice
- Chipi-Chipi Rice
- Coconut rice
- Arepa de huevo
Fruits and aromatic spices rule the area that is home to Bogota, the capital city. Cundinamarca is colder than the rest of the country and that means comfort food: ajiaco, hot chocolate (with cheese) tamales, huevos pericos and so much more. This area is my fave, but I think that’s because I was born there.
- Papas Chorriadas
- Sopa de Pan
- Pan de Yuca
Colombia’s plains are a hard environment, its people are nomadic and they were forced to make do. This region offers some gorgeous wild boar, fresh water fish, and wild birds.
- Ternera a la Llanera
If you explore this region, you will most likely end up in Buenaventura, Guapi and Tumaco. The coast is, 当然, a place where seafood and shellfish reigns. The region has not just ocean, but also rivers so you get a mixture of both fresh and saltwater fish varieties. There are tons of exotic fruits that are made into refreshing juices. The region is not just fish though, there are plenty of exotic animals that are hunted by locals. Perhaps my favorite thing about the food from this area is the popularity of coconut in dishes.
- Shrimp salad
- Clam rice
- Grilled fish with lulo
Santander has an overabundance of fruit and fish. Meats are scarce in this region. Corn is quite popular here, so if you visit you will most likely try some mazamorra. Another typical snack here is hormigas culonas (that is roasted ants).
- Garbanzo soup
- Goat rice
- Fried yuca
- Pineapple juice
- Rabbit Stew
I lived here for most of my early childhood, so I have very fond memories of the food here. Lechona and tamales Tolimenses (the best tamales in the country) are a must. Fresh water oysters are a delight and ladies will tigger (ask me what this means) after sipping on a few mistelas over a game of cards.
- lechona (you must try this)
- Dulce de Guayaba
Although I am from Cundinamarca, my family has its roots here, so the Cauca Valley owns a piece of my heart. There is always a plantain on your plate in the Valle del Cauca. This area is all about agriculture, so beef and chicken are often on the menu. There are tons of fruits and desserts are outstanding here – manjar blanco is one of the best things you can experience here.
- Pan de Bono
- Ox Tail Stew
- Empanadas (these are the best in Cali)
Things You MUST Eat in Colombia
有一个经典的哥伦比亚菜的采样, 该 ajiaco. An ajiaco 基本上是一个鸡汤土豆, 玉米, 鳄梨和当地草本植物称为 guascas. It is more prevalent in Bogota and the Andean region. 单独的成分可以惊奇的人很多: 谁把鳄梨在他们的汤? 回答: 我. 我哥和我在鸡汤爱鳄梨. Another weird but delicious combo to try…sliced bananas in your chicken soup. 这简直是美味. 该 ajiaco is typically enjoyed with cream and capers. It is also served with white rice, 而最喜欢的配菜是沙拉与鳄梨, 柠檬和tostadas.
当你醒来在波哥大，并在Adean地区的某处, 您可以看到很多哥伦比亚人享受他们著名的哥伦比亚咖啡一杯 changua. Changua 是牛奶鸡蛋汤配上香葱，并与所谓的干面包搭配 草案. If you’re curious what 选择 就好像, simply heat equal amounts of water and milk and then add a dash of salt. Crack an egg and let the yolk cook while it is poached with the water-milk mixture. Pour this into a bowl with Queso Colombiano at the bottom and garnish with scallions and cilantro. Easy, 安慰和美味.
当你终于到达海岸, people are found to have a taste for spice. Interestingly, 哥伦比亚的这部分经历了一波阿拉伯移民, 和阿拉伯烹饪一些提示，可以在这些区域中找到. 小号但 is similar to yogurt and sour cream and lots of Colombians eat it. Coconut rice is also a favorite, it is be paired with the popular spicy dish made of pork and whale liver. AREPA, 这是一个玉米生面团, has its many versions in this part of Colombia. You can find variations with egg (AREPA德huevo) 和奶酪 (奶酪AREPA).
当你去到该国东部的部分, you will see many Colombian cowboys and food that are inspired by the cowboy culture. Barbecues are very popular such as the 牛肉llanera. Colombians also love their whole roasted pig filled with rice, 蔬菜和猪肉叫做 lechonas. 在哥伦比亚亚马孙部分, expect a strong Amazonian cuisine tradition as well. This means dishes made of freshwater fish, 牛肉和牲畜.
哥伦比亚也是家著名的玉米粉蒸肉, the delicacy Tolimenses originating from the Tolima region. The plantain leaves, 它们煮沸三到四小时, 塞满了玉米面皮, 白饭, 猪肉, 鸡, 土豆, 萝卜, 豌豆和许多香料.
You can get more adventurous with food in Colombia as you explore the many tropical fruits that the country is rich in. You will not get enough of the different types of bananas in the country and the wide range of sweet tropical fruits such as mangoes, 芭乐, 苹果, 梨, 和别的. 但是当然, 你走之前开了一个哥伦比亚的美食之旅, 开始新的一天了与在当地 画廊 与它在整个世界视为最杰出的之一，他们的一杯咖啡.
Have questions about Colombian Food Culture? Just ask me in the comments!